《哈利波特》:你错过的10个关于守护神的隐藏细节

79人浏览 / 0人评论

Harry Potter: 10 Hidden Details You MissedAbout Patronuses

《哈利波特》:关于守护神,你可能会错过的10个的隐藏细节

译者:ALWAYS

 

The Patronus spell is one of the most wellknown spells in Harry Potter. It casts a corporeal animal to protect itswizard, but there is so much more.

守护神咒语是《哈利波特》中最广为人知的咒语之一。它铸造了一只肉体动物来保护它的巫师,但还有更多的东西。

 

In the world of Harry Potter, the Patronuscharm is one of the most powerful tools in a wizard’s arsenal. It can be usedto repel the creepy, soul-sucking dementors and takes the form of something meaningfulto the wizard who casts it.

在哈利波特的世界里,守护神魔咒是巫师魔咒中最强大的魔咒之一。它可以用来击退令人毛骨悚然的、吸食灵魂的摄魂怪,并以某种对施放它的巫师有意义的形式出现。

 

Now, we all know that Snape’s Patronus wasa doe because he was still in love with Lily Potter, whose Patronus was also aDoe. However, there are plenty of interesting Patronus details JK Rowling andthe producers of the Harry Potter films included that you may have missed. Takea look at our list below to uncover some of these.

现在,我们都知道斯内普的守护神是牡鹿,因为他还爱着莉莉·波特,莉莉·波特的守护神也是牡鹿。然而,有很多有趣的守护神细节,JK·罗琳和哈利波特系列电影的制片人,你可能都错过了。看看我们下面的列表,就能发现其中的一些。

 

START NOW

现在开始

 

10. They Can Be Used As A Shield

他们可以被用作盾牌

 

Down in the courtroom at the bottom of theMinistry Of Magic during The Deathly Hallows Part 1, Dolores Umbridge (back ina government role after the events of The Order Of The Phoenix... boo...) isseen producing a sort of glowing shield that separates the room from a layer ofdementors floating at the top. We can only assume this dementor repellent is,in fact, a variant of her Patronus because her cat is sitting beside her at thesame time. This (annoyingly) implies that Umbridge is a very powerful witchafter all, but also prompts the question of why this technique doesn’t appearmore often in the series.

在魔法部底部的法庭期间死亡圣器第一部分,乌姆里奇(回到政府的作用后的凤凰社事件,嘘!)可以看到它产生了一种发光的盾牌,将房间与顶部漂浮的摄魂怪隔开。我们只能假设这只摄魂怪驱虫剂实际上是她守护神的变体,因为她的猫同时坐在她旁边。这(令人恼火的)暗示乌姆里奇毕竟是一个非常强大的女巫,但也引发了一个问题,为什么这种技巧在系列中没有更多地出现。

 

9. They Can Be Used To Send Messages

他们可以被用来传递信息

While there are a few inconsistenciesbetween the book and the film (in the book, Kingsley Shacklebolt’s Patronus isa cool little lynx), it’s clear that Patronuses can also be used to sendmessages.

虽然这本书和电影之间有一些不一致之处(在书中,金斯利·沙克尔博尔特饰演的守护神是一只很酷的小山猫),但很明显,守护神也可以用来传递信息。

 

Just a few scenes after the courtroom scenein The Deathly Hallows Part 1, we see Kingsley’s Patronus letting everyone knowthe Ministry Of Magic has fallen. Apparently this neat little trick wasinvented by Dumbledore, and while he and McGonagall aren’t afraid to use it, wedon’t see it particularly often. It’s probably reserved for exceptionallygifted witches and wizards.

就在《死亡圣器(上)》的法庭场景之后,我们看到了金斯利饰演的守护神让所有人都知道魔法部已经倒台。显然,这个巧妙的小把戏是邓不利多发明的,虽然他和麦格不怕使用它,但我们并不经常看到它。很可能是专为才华横溢的女巫和巫师准备的。

 

8. A Patronus Can Change

守护神是可以改变的

 

While we don’t see it in the films, it’strue that the form of a Patronus is influenced by the life and personality of acertain witch or wizard. When Snape and Dumbledore are speaking about Lily, hisquestion of "after all this time?" seems to suggest that if Snape hadfallen out of love with Lily, his Patronus may well have stopped being a doe.JK Rowling has confirmed this herself, suggesting that eternal love can alterthe form of a Patronus. Tonks’ becomes a wolf after she meets Lupin, forexample.

虽然我们在电影中看不到这一点,但守护神的形式确实受到某个女巫或巫师的生活和性格的影响。当斯内普和邓布利多谈到莉莉时,他的问题是“一直这样吗”似乎是在暗示,如果斯内普不再爱莉莉,他的守护神很可能就不再是一头母鹿了。JK罗琳自己也证实了这一点,她认为永恒的爱可以改变守护神的形象。例如,唐克斯的守护神在遇到卢平后就变成了一只狼。

 

7. Powerful Wizards Can Conjure MultiplePatronuses

强大的巫师可以召唤多个守护神

 

Despite her age, Minerva McGonagall was oneof the strongest and most powerful characters in the entire Harry Potter story.In The Deathly Hallows book, we see her employing the communication techniquementioned above, except this time, she’s doing it three times simultaneously.

尽管米勒娃·麦格年事已高,但她仍然是整个哈利波特故事中最有力、最有权势的人物之一。在《死亡圣器》一书中,我们看到她使用了上面提到的召唤技巧,除了这一次,她同时做了三次。

 

It happens very quickly and is basicallynever shown again, but this is a seriously impressive feat of magic,considering it can pass us by so easily. Surely Dumbledore can pull it off, buthow many years of magical training do you need to learn something so complex?

它发生得非常快,基本上再也不会出现了,但考虑到它可以如此容易地与我们擦肩而过,这是一项令人印象深刻的魔法壮举。邓布利多当然可以做到,但是你需要多少年的魔法训练才能学会这么复杂的东西呢?

 

6. "Expecto Patronum" ActuallyMeans Something

"Expecto Patronum" 实际上是有意义的

 

As the films go by, the audience getsaccustomed to some pretty strange phrases being thrown about. Sure, every nowand again the complex, cool-sounding spells like "Avada Kedavra" areovershadowed by some slightly less cool ones (‘eat slugs’ I’m looking atyou....) but most spells actually have their origin in Latin. "ExpectoPatronum" translates literally to ‘I await my guardian’. This is prettyapt considering the entire spell basically is a guardian in itself. Obviously,this sort of thing is never explained in the films, but looking deeper gives anice insight into Rowling’s thought process when creating the series.

随着电影的流逝,观众们习惯了一些相当奇怪的短语被抛来抛去。当然,像“AvadaKedavra”这样复杂、听起来很酷的咒语不时会被一些稍微不那么酷的咒语所掩盖(“吃鼻涕虫”,我正在看着你……)但大多数咒语实际上都起源于拉丁语。“Expeto Patronum”的字面意思是“我在等待我的监护人”。考虑到整个法术本身基本上就是一个守护者,这是非常合适的。显然,这类事情在电影中从来没有解释过,但更深入地观察可以很好地洞察罗琳在创作该系列时的思维过程。

 

5. There’s A Cute Connection Between RonAnd Hermione’s Patronuses

罗恩和赫敏的守护神之间有一种可爱的联系

 

Jack Russell’s are known to chase otters.Ron is basically in love with Hermione from the first time he lays eyes on her,Hermione takes a while to reciprocate.

杰克·罗素以追逐水獭而闻名。罗恩基本上从第一眼看到赫敏就爱上了她,赫敏需要一段时间才能回报。

 

You can see where we’re going with this.Ron’s Patronus takes the form of a Jack Russell, and Hermione’s is an otter. Noone ever comments on this, but it’s a very nice, subtle nod that shows everyonethat they really were meant to be together. And, in a way, that they both knewit deep down way before they ever did anything about it.

你可以看到我们要做什么。罗恩的守护神是杰克·罗素,赫敏的是水獭。从来没有人对此发表评论,但这是一个非常友好、微妙的点头,向每个人表明,他们真的注定要在一起。而且,在某种程度上,他们在对此采取任何行动之前,都深深地知道这一点。

 

4. They Can Match Animagi Forms

他们可以与阿尼马格斯的体型相匹配

 

The only two animagi we see in the seriescast a Patronus turn into the exact same animal as their Patronus. MinervaMcGonagall is in her cat form the first time we ever see her, and her catPatronus helps her out in various ways later in the series. James Potter isable to turn into a stag when he wants to hang out with werewolf Lupin, and hisPatronus (like Harry’s) is a stag. It’s not clear whether the two are linkedintrinsically or if the Patronus takes that form because the Animagus is such abig part of the character’s personality, but it’s a cool subtlety that isn'treally spoken about, nonetheless.

我们在这个系列中看到的仅有的两个阿尼马格斯扮演守护神,变成与他们的守护神完全相同的动物。我们第一次看到米勒娃·麦格是她的猫状态,她的猫守护神在后面的系列中以各种方式帮助她。当詹姆斯·波特想要和狼人卢平出去玩的时候,他可以变成一只雄鹿,而他的守护神(就像哈利的守护神一样)是一只雄鹿。目前还不清楚这两个角色是否存在内在联系,或者守护神之所以采取这种形式,是因为阿尼马格斯是角色性格的重要组成部分,但这是一个很酷的微妙之处,尽管如此,人们并没有真正谈到这一点。

 

3. You Can Edit Your Own Patronus

你可以选择自己的守护神形态

 

A wizard can choose to cast a corporealPatronus or an incorporeal Patronus. The former is the most common and mostpowerful, taking on the form of an animal and being able to repel dementorswith ease. When Harry is first starting out, you’ll notice that his iseffectively just a sheet of white mist; this is incorporeal. It’s easier andmuch less strong, but is also able to hide a wizard’s identity. Lupin, forexample, uses the same technique on the train to Hogwarts, as he doesn’t wantcertain questionable details about his lifestyle to be widely known (coughwerewolf cough).

巫师可以选择施放肉体守护神或无形守护神。前者是最常见和最强大的,以动物的形式出现,能够轻松击退摄魂怪。当哈利第一次开始的时候,你会注意到他的实际上只是一层白色的薄雾;这是无形的。它更容易,也不那么强大,但也能够隐藏巫师的身份。例如,卢平在去霍格沃茨的火车上使用了同样的技术,因为他不希望自己生活方式的某些可疑细节广为人知(咳嗽、狼人咳嗽)。

 

2. A Wizard Has To Be "Worthy" Of APatronus

巫师必须是守护神的“无愧于”

 

While the idea that only "goodguys" can cast a Patronus isn’t true, there are a few restrictions thatstop certain people from casting them. You’ll notice that we never see a deatheater cast a Patronus. Well, Snape, but we'll come to that.

虽然认为只有“好人”才能扮演守护神的想法是不正确的,但有一些限制阻止某些人扮演他们。你会注意到我们从未见过食死徒铸造守护神。好吧,斯内普,但我们会说到这一点的。

 

That’s because, as revealed in the HarryPotter game Wonderbook: Book Of Spells, most of them will be eaten by maggotswho emerge from the end of their wand. Yeah. If we knew about this earlier,perhaps we could have figured a few things out about Snape’s affiliation. Afterall, he’s the only death eater able to cast a Patronus.

这是因为,正如《哈利波特》游戏“魔法书:咒语之书”中所揭示的那样,它们中的大部分都会被魔杖末端冒出来的蛆吃掉。嗯,如果我们早点知道这件事,也许我们就能弄清楚一些关于斯内普从属关系的事情。毕竟,他是唯一能让守护神出现的食死徒。

 

1. They Take A Lot Of Skill

他们需要很多技巧

 

Well, we all know this, but the extent towhich it is true seems to be a little overlooked. As we spend most of the HarryPotter series following very powerful wizards and witches like Dumbledore andMcGonagall, who can conjure up a Patronus like it’s nothing, we don’t reallyget to see how hard it is for everyone else. Hermione, of course, can pick itup quickly, but we see Ron struggle just as much with this as he does the restof his studies. Similarly, look at how long it took Dumbledore’s army to getthe hang of it. That took a lot of lessons.

嗯,我们都知道这一点,但这在多大程度上是真实的似乎有点被忽视了。由于我们在“哈利波特”系列的大部分时间里都在追随邓布利多和麦格等非常强大的巫师和女巫,他们可以召唤出一个守护神,就像什么都不是一样,我们真的看不到这对其他人来说有多难。赫敏当然可以很快学会,但是我们看到罗恩和他其他的学习一样在这方面苦苦挣扎。同样,看看邓布利多的军队花了多长时间才掌握了诀窍。这需要上很多课。

 

译者:ALWAYS

 

全部评论