10 Innovations In Magic Pioneered By Severus Snape 西弗勒斯·斯内普的十项魔法发明

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10 Innovations In Magic Pioneered By Severus Snape

西弗勒斯·斯内普十项魔法发明

 

译者:小初初

 

The world of Harry Potter is ripe with many powerful wizards; some who belong to the side of good, while others who dabble in the darkness. However, one wizard that has had his experience with both sides of the spectrum is Severus Snape, and he is undoubtedly one of the most powerful wizards of all time. Having died at the age of just 38, his early demise was a definite shame. He could have easily become one of the most powerful wizards of all time if given the chance—maybe even more powerful than Dumbledore.

哈利波特的世界中有许多强大的巫师;有些人是正义的一方,而另一些人则属于黑暗阵营。然而,西弗勒斯·斯内普是一位亦正亦邪的巫师,他是有史以来最优秀的巫师之一。他在38岁时就去世了,这无疑是一个遗憾。如果有机会,他很可能成为有史以来最强大的巫师之一——甚至比邓布利多更强大。

 

A master potion maker, adept at legilimency and occlumency, the dark arts, and the defense against it, Severus Snape was brilliant in every sense of the word. However, very few fans know that he had an acumen for magic since his school days at Hogwarts and is solely responsible for multiple innovations in magic, a feat unheard of from someone so young in age. The Half-Blood Prince not only mastered the intricate and logically demanding task of spell-creation at such an early age, but he also experimented with various preset principles of potion-making to create better concoctions. While there are many things that fans didn't understand about Snape, it cannot be argued that he was a genius.

西弗勒斯·斯内普是一位魔药师,同时还擅长摄取念、黑魔法和大脑封闭防御术,堪称一个天才。然而,很少有哈迷知道,自从他在霍格沃茨上学,他就对魔法有着惊人的天赋,他独自创造了多项魔法发明,这是一个年轻人闻所未闻的壮举。混血王子不仅在很小的时候就精通复杂且逻辑要求高的魔法而且试验将魔药混合,以创造更好的魔药。虽然斯内普有很多不为人知的秘密,但毋庸置疑,他是一个天才。

 

10.Invented The Toenail-Growing Hex

10.发明脚趾甲生长咒

 

 

Spell creation is a tedious and even dangerous task. The fact that Severus Snape was able to create so many spells during his formative years in school is an incredible feat in itself. Therefore, mentioning the first and probably the most innocent spell, or rather a hex, which Snape had created during his school years is the simple toenail-growing hex. Harry later discovered it in Snape’s copy of Advanced Potion Making.

创造咒语是一项乏味甚至危险的事情。西弗勒斯·斯内普在学校的时期能够创造这么多咒语,这本身就是一项令人难以置信的壮举。因此,提到斯内普在上学期间创造的第一个可能也是最无害的咒语,就是简单的趾甲生长咒。哈利后来在斯内普那本《高级魔药制作》里发现了它。

 

This hex that Harry had in fact tried on Vincent Crabbe, makes the victim’s toenails grow alarmingly fast, thereby creating a hilarious effect, albeit an embarrassing one for the victim.

哈利实际上在克拉布身上试过的这个魔咒,让的脚趾甲长得非常快,显得十分滑稽使受害者十分尴尬

 

9.Created A Better Draught Of Living Death

9.改良了生死水

 

An advanced potion that is only taught to N.E.W.T students during their sixth year of potion-making, Severus Snape bettered the Draught of Living Death. This potion allows the drinker to enter into a deep slumber that closely resembles death. Snape had made important alterations to the making process, which included instructions to crush the Sopophorus bean using the flat side of the dagger rather than cutting it. This process guaranteed a better release of the bean’s juices. Furthermore, he advised stirring the draught once in a clockwise manner after it has been stirred in a counter-clockwise manner seven times. 

西弗勒斯·斯内普改良了生死水,这是一种高级药剂,只有学习N.E.W.T课程六年级的学生使用。喝了这种药水的人会进入深度睡眠,就像死了一样。斯内普对制作过程做了很大的修改,其中包括使用刀子的平面碾碎跳跳豆,而不是用刀割。这个过程保证了更好地释放跳跳豆中的成分。此外,他建议在逆时针搅拌七次后,再顺时针搅拌一次

 

Snape’s instructions were so accurate that Harry won Slughorn’s praise during his first sixth year potion-making class. Harry impressed Slughorn enough to win the bottle of Felix Felicis with Snape's recipe for the Draught of Living Death.

斯内普的方法非常正确,哈利在六年级的魔药制作课上得到了斯拉格霍恩的表扬。哈利用斯内普的配方制作生死水,给斯拉格霍恩留下了深刻的印象,赢得了那瓶福灵剂。

 

8.Invented Levicorpus

8.发明了倒挂金钟咒

 

As many memes point out, Snape might have been the true hero ofHarry Potter. However, during his initial school days, he was at loggerheads with the group known as The Marauders, led by James Potter, a group that pulled innumerable pranks on the Half-Blood Prince, making many fans wonder who deserves more hate.

正如许多表情包指出的那样,斯内普可能才是哈利波特》中真正的英雄。然而,在他最初上学的日子里,他与由詹姆·波特领导的四人组发生了斗争四人组对混血王子做了无数的恶作剧,这让很多哈迷怀疑谁才是恶人

 

Created for his enemies, Levicorpus hoisted the victim's body up by the ankles. It translates to "lift the body," derived from its two constituent Latin words Levare and Corpus. This spell can be cast through verbal as well as non-verbal incantations and was created by Snape during his years as a student at Hogwarts.

倒挂金钟是斯内普为了对付他的敌人而创造的它可以使中咒者的身体倒立。它的意思是“提起身体”,由两个拉丁词Levare和Corpus衍生而来。这个咒语可以通过语言和非语言的两种方式施展,是斯内普在霍格沃茨上学时发明的。

 

7.Invented Liberacorpus

7.发明了金钟落地咒

A counter-jinx to Levicorpus, Liberacorpus derives its meaning from the Latin words liberare, which means "to free," and corpus, which means "body." As is the case with most of the spells that Snape had created, he always kept another to counter them.

金钟落地是倒挂金钟的反咒,它来自拉丁语单词liberarecorpus,意思是“自由”“身体”。就像斯内普发明的大多数咒语一样,他总是再发明另一个咒语来对抗它们

 

This quality in Snape makes fans realize that he understood that even innovation requires checks and balances; a trait that proves him to be a genius who deserves the highest respect.

斯内普的这个做法让大家意识到,他明白即使是创新也需要制衡;这一证明了他是一个值得尊敬的

 

6.Had Unparalleled Knowledge About Poisons

6.对毒药十分了解

 

Snape is a master potion maker, and, therefore, it is only natural that he would have intricate knowledge about poisons and how to counter them. His immaculate knowledge about poisons is showcased when Harry recounts an inscription made in Snape’s copy of Advanced Potion Making and shoves a bezoar down Ron’s throat after Ron got poisoned during their sixth year in school.

斯内普是一名魔药大师,因此,他了解很多复杂的毒药以及他们的解药。哈利通过斯内普那本《高级药剂制作》,在罗恩六年级时中毒后,把一块粪石塞进了罗恩的喉咙里,间接展示了斯内普对毒药的完美了解。

 

Ron had mistakenly drunk the oak-matured mead laced with poison, which Horace Slughorn had intended as a gift for Albus Dumbledore. Harry’s quick recollection helped save his life; all based on Snape’s immaculate knowledge of poisons.

罗恩误喝了霍拉斯·斯拉格霍恩打算送给阿不思·邓布利多的加了毒药的蜂蜜酒。哈利救了他一命,便是基于斯内普对毒药的熟练

 

5.Invented Muffliato

5.发明了闭耳塞听咒

 

A simple charm from the looks of it, the Muffliato is immensely helpful when cast by someone who doesn’t want their conversation to be overheard by eavesdroppers.

表面看,这是一个简单的魔法,当有人不想让别人偷听他们的谈话时,闭耳塞听是非常有用的。

 

The charm was created by Snape sometime between the years 1971 and 1978 and its usual effects include a constant droning or buzzing sound in the ears of anyone who is around the person who has cast it. This makes it impossible for other people to overhear the caster’s conversation. The charm was even taught by Flitwick during his class at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry.

这个魔咒是斯内普在1971年到1978年之间发明的,会让施咒者周围的人耳朵里发出嗡嗡声。这使得其他人听他们的对话。弗立维在霍格沃茨魔法学校上课时也教过这个咒语。

 

4.Invented Langlock

4.发明了锁舌封喉咒

 

While there are many memes that prove Severus Snape to be a comedic genius, some of his invented-spells also imply the same. One such spell that seemingly has hilarious effects is Langlock. A spell created to neutralize the victim’s ability to speak, Langlock essentially makes the victim’s tongue stick to the roof of their mouth.

虽然有很多表情包西弗勒斯·斯内普像个喜剧演员,但他发明的一些咒语也充满了喜感比如锁舌封喉是一种使中咒者不能说话的咒语,具体来说是让受害者的舌头粘在上颚上。

 

However, this spell also has practical uses, one being the fact that neutralizing the opponent’s ability to speak incantations during duels will grant the caster valuable time and opportunity to counter. Harry famously uses this spell on both Peeves and Argus Filch during his time at Hogwarts.

然而,这个法术也有实际用途,其中之一就是使中咒者不能念咒,给施法者宝贵的时间和反击的机会。哈利在霍格沃茨上学时,用这个咒语对付皮皮鬼和费尔奇,非常成功

 

3.Hugely Corrected The Recipe To Make The Elixir To Induce Euphoria

3.改良了欢欣剂

 

Apart from altering the recipe considerably, Snape also included the instructions to add a peppermint sprig to the concoction in order to counter the side effects of nose-tweaking and singing that the elixir is known to cause.

除了改变配方外,斯内普还在说明书中指出,要在其中加入薄荷枝消除众这种药剂引起的扭鼻子和唱歌等作用。

 

2.Invented Sectumsempra

2.发明了神锋无影咒

 

The literal meaning of Sectumsempra can be understood from the Latin words that constitute it. Sectus meaning 'lacerated' and Semper meaning 'always' roughly sums up the effects that the spell can have on its victim. This powerful curse causes deep lacerations and hemorrhages on the victim’s body that never seem to close. Classified as a curse reserved 'for enemies' in Snape's copy of Advanced Potion Making, it slowly bleeds its victim dry.

神锋无影的字面意思可以从构成它的拉丁单词中理解。“Sectus ”的意思是“撕裂”,“Semper ”的意思是“永远”,大致上可以出该法术对中咒者的效果。这个强大的咒语会使中咒者大出血,而且似乎永远不会愈合。在斯内普那本《高级魔药制作》里被列为“专为敌人”的咒语,它会慢慢地把血榨干。

 

The effects of Sectumsempra are first witnessed when Harry uses the spell against Draco in the boy's bathroom on the sixth floor of Hogwarts. The fact that Snape was able to create such a powerful curse during his school years, speaks volumes about his magical genius.

神锋无影的效果是在哈利在霍格沃茨六楼的浴室里对德拉科施咒时目睹的。斯内普能够在他的学生时代创造一个如此强大的咒语,这充分说明了他的魔法天赋

 

1.Knew About Vulnera Sanentur

1.了解速速愈合咒

 

Snape is not someone who would create a curse without having a proper counter-curse in place. A fact about Snape that book-fans would know is that he was a master at the dark arts even from an early age, creating curses and counter-curses on the fly. Therefore, the existence of Vulnera Sanentur, which literally means "to heal wounds" in Latin, and the fact that only Snape has ever used it in both the original books and the movies, is nothing to be surprised about.

斯内普不是那种不知道解咒就施咒的人。关于斯内普,哈迷们应该知道的一个事实是,他从小就是黑魔法大师,能随时创造咒语和解咒。因此,速速愈合咒(拉丁语的字面意思是“治愈伤口”)的存在,以及只有斯内普在原著和电影中使用过这个词,也就不足为奇了。

 

The only spell known to heal Sectumsempra, the incantation Vulnera Sanentur needs to be repeated thrice in a sing-song manner. The first time it is spoken, the victim’s blood flow eases, the second time stitches the wounds, and the third helps them to heal.

这是唯一已知的治疗神锋无影的咒语,“速速愈合”需要以唱腔重复三次。第一次中咒者的血液流动会减缓,第二次缝合伤口,第三次帮助伤口愈合。

 

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