The Great Lake 黑湖

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By J.K. Rowling Originally published on

on Aug 10th 2015

J.K.罗琳 原载于 2015年8月10日

The grounds of Hogwarts function partly as a nature reserve for magical creatures which have difficulty existing in Muggle-inhabited areas. The lake is full of creatures that would make a Muggle naturalist swoon with delight – if terror did not seize them first. There are Grindylows (vicious little water demons), merpeople (of a hardy Scottish strain) and a giant squid, which is semi-domesticated and permits students to tickle its tentacles on sunny days, when it basks in the shallows. Giant squid genuinely exist, though they are most mysterious creatures. Although their extraordinary bodies have been washed up all over the world, it was not until 2006 that a live giant squid was captured on film by Muggles. I strongly suspect them of having magical powers.

霍格沃兹学院的部分功能是为在麻瓜居住区难以生存的魔法生物提供自然保护区。 湖中充满了生物,如果不是恐怖先抓住了它们,这些生物会让麻瓜博物学家欣喜若狂。这里有格林迪洛(一种凶猛的小水妖)、人鱼(属于耐寒的苏格兰品种)和一只巨型乌贼,它是半驯化的,当它在浅滩晒太阳时,学生们可以在阳光明媚的日子里挠它的触角。 巨型乌贼确实存在,尽管它们是最神秘的生物。虽然他们非凡的身体已经被冲到了世界各地,但直到2006年,一只活的巨型乌贼才被麻瓜拍成电影。我强烈怀疑他们有魔力。

J.K. Rowling’s thoughts

J.K.罗琳的想法

The lake is the setting for the second task that the Triwizard competitors must face in Goblet of Fire, which is also my favourite task. I find it satisfyingly creepy; I like the diversity of the methods employed by the competitors to breathe underwater, and I enjoyed plumbing the depths of a part of the grounds that had never been seen before. In the original draft of Chamber of Secrets, I had Harry and Ron crash into the lake in Mr Weasley’s Ford Anglia, and meet the merpeople there for the first time. At that time I had a vague notion that the lake might lead to other places, and that the merpeople might play a larger role in the later books than they did, so I thought that Harry ought to be introduced to both at this stage. However, the Whomping Willow provided a more satisfying, less distracting crash, and served a later purpose in Prisoner of Azkaban, too. The Great Lake (which is really a Scottish loch, apparently freshwater and landlocked) never did develop as a portal to other seas or rivers, although the appearance of the Durmstrang ship from its depths in Goblet of Fire hints at the fact that if you are travelling by an enchanted craft, you might be able to take a magical shortcut to other waterways.

这个湖是三强争霸赛选手在火焰杯中必须面对的第二个任务的场地,也是我最喜欢的任务。我满意地发现它令人毛骨悚然;我喜欢选手们在水下呼吸时使用的各种方法,我也喜欢在一片从未见过的场地深处潜水。在《密室》的初稿中,我让哈利和罗恩开着韦斯莱先生的福特安格里亚坠入湖中,并在那里第一次见到人鱼。当时我有一个模糊的想法,那就是这个湖可能通向其他地方,人鱼可能会在后来的书中扮演更重要的角色,所以我认为在这个阶段应该把这两本书都介绍给哈利。然而,打人柳带来了一种更令人满意、不那么分散注意力的撞击声,在《阿兹卡班的囚徒》中也起到了后来的作用。五大湖(实际上是一个苏格兰湖,显然是一个内陆的淡水湖)从来没有发展成为通往其他海洋或河流的门户,尽管德姆斯特朗的船从《火焰杯》的深处出现暗示了一个事实,如果你乘坐一艘魔法船旅行,你可能会走一条魔法捷径到其他水域。

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