哈利·波特:摄魂怪背后的真正含义

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Harry Potter: The Real Meaning Behind The Dementors

哈利·波特:摄魂怪背后的真正含义

 

Dementors in the Harry Potter series are a metaphor for depression. Here's what J.K. Rowling went through and how it inspired the Dark creatures.

《哈利·波特》系列中的摄魂怪是抑郁症的象征。以下是J.K.罗琳的经历以及它是如何启发了黑暗生物的。

 

The presence of Dementors in the Harry Potter series was meant to signify the overwhelming feeling caused by depression. The Dark creatures were mentioned in Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets but their first appearance came in Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban. Author J.K. Rowling was known for injecting aspects of her personal life into her beloved series, and that was the case with the creation of Dementors.

《哈利·波特》系列中摄魂怪的出现是为了表示抑郁引起的强烈情绪。黑暗生物在《哈利·波特与密室》中被提到过,但它们第一次出现是在《哈利·波特与阿兹卡班的囚徒》中。作家J.K.罗琳以将个人生活的方方面面融入她心爱的系列小说中而闻名,摄魂怪的创作就是如此。

 

Dementors were wraithlike beings who could be best described as soul-suckers. In the novel series, Dementors were hooded humanoid figures who had the ability to glide across the ground. The movie adaptations, however, portrayed the creatures as being skeletal in nature with the power to fly freely. Either way, both versions fed on human happiness. They could force depression and dread to any human in close proximity while a Dementor's Kiss could suck out the soul of a person leaving them in a vegetative state.

摄魂怪是一种形似幽灵的生物,最恰当的描述是吸魂者。在这部系列小说中,摄魂怪是戴着兜帽的人形人物,能够在地面上滑行。然而,在电影改编版中,这些生物被描绘成自然界的骨骼,却拥有自由飞翔的能力。不管怎样,两个版本都以人类的幸福为食。摄魂怪的吻可以吸走人的灵魂,使人处于植物人状态。

 

Within the Harry Potter series, Dementors were primarily used as prison guards at Azkaban. They worked for the Ministry of Magic and would be forced to guard certain areas. When Sirius Black was on the loose, Dementors traveled to Hogwarts to guard the grounds. After Voldemort rose to power during the Second Wizarding War, the Dementors switched allegiances and assisted the Dark Lord. Harry and his classmates were tasked with facing the dangerous creatures on a number of occasions. The only defense that could be used against Dementors was the Patronus Charm, the spell that unleashed a spirit guardian. Based on the story arcs involving Dementors, it was clear that the creatures personified depression, and only happy memories could get rid of them.

在《哈利·波特》系列中,摄魂怪主要用于阿兹卡班的监狱看守。他们为魔法部工作,被迫保卫某些区域。小天狼星布莱克逍遥法外的时候,摄魂怪来到霍格沃茨守卫场地。伏地魔在第二次巫师战争中掌权后,摄魂怪转而效忠于黑魔王。哈利和他的同学们多次被要求面对这些危险的生物。唯一能对付摄魂怪的咒语是守护神咒,这个咒语释放了一个灵魂守卫。从摄魂怪的故事情节来看,很明显,这些生物是抑郁症的化身,只有快乐的回忆才能摆脱它们。

 

J.K. Rowling's Experience With Depression Inspired The Creation Of Dementors

J.K.罗琳的抑郁症经历启发了摄魂怪的创作

 

Before J.K. Rowling published Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone, she was diagnosed with clinical depression. While writing the initial novel, Rowling suffered from the loss of her mother, a failed marriage, unemployment, and the struggles being a single mother. She viewed herself as a failure and was plagued by depression to the point that she contemplated suicide. After relocating to Scotland with her young child, Rowling used her emotions as inspiration in her writing. She credited the presence of Dementors as being a metaphor for depression.

在J.K.罗琳出版《哈利波特与魔法石》之前,她被诊断患有临床抑郁症。在写第一部小说的时候,罗琳经历了失去母亲、失败的婚姻、失业以及作为一个单身母亲的挣扎。她认为自己是个失败者,被抑郁症所困扰,甚至考虑过自杀。在带着年幼的孩子搬到苏格兰后,罗琳用她的情感作为创作的灵感。她认为摄魂怪的出现是抑郁症的隐喻。

 

Dementors were ghastly figures in Harry Potter that brought feelings of hopelessness, despair, immense sadness, and self-hatred. With one big breath, Dementors could take away the light and happiness in the air the same way that depression could cloud a person's mindset. Dementors could only be seen by wizards and witches while muggles could feel their wrath but not see them directly. This situation falls in line with how humans encounter depression in real life. Interesting enough, there aren't many defenses against Dementors just as how depression is very difficult to overcome. The Patronus Charm did the job and the spell purposely symbolized bright positive energy, something that sufferers seek out when battling depression.

摄魂怪在《哈利·波特》中是可怕的形象,它给人带来绝望、绝望、巨大的悲伤和自我憎恨。只要一口气,摄魂怪就能带走空气中的光明和快乐,就像抑郁症会蒙蔽一个人的思想一样。摄魂怪只能被男巫和女巫看见,而麻瓜可以感觉到它们的愤怒,但不能直接看到它们。这种情况与人们在现实生活中遇到抑郁症的方式是一致的。有趣的是,对摄魂怪并没有很多防御措施,就像抑郁症很难克服一样。守护神咒起到了这个作用,这个咒语故意象征着光明的正能量,这是患者在与抑郁症斗争时寻找的东西。

 

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