Snape's Best Decisions In The Half-Blood Prince 在《哈利波特与混血王子》中,斯内普所做的最佳决定

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Snape's Best Decisions In The Half-Blood Prince

哈利波特与混血王子》中斯内普所做的最佳决定

 

译者:兔子

 

Harry Potter: Snape's Best Decisions In The Half-Blood Prince https://screenrant.com/harry-potter-snape-best-decisions-half-blood-prince/

 

By the end of The Half-Blood Prince, Snape's position as a true villain seems assured. He was helping Draco, who was a Death Eater. He killed Dumbledore and took over as Headmaster. He seems, in every way, to have betrayed Dumbledore's trust and let his true colors show. However, in every installment of Harry Potter, all is not as it seems - especially when it comes to Snape.

《混血王子》,斯内普似乎成了一个完完全全的反面角色。他帮助德拉科杀了邓布利多,并接任了校长一职。他好像彻底辜负了邓布利多对他的信任,暴露了自己的真面目。然而,纵观整个《哈利·波特》系列关于斯内普的一切都不是看上去的那样简单

 

In this year's adventure, most of Snape's best decisions seem like terrible ones at the time, and it's only over the course of The Deathly Hallows that the audience really understands why Snape behaved the way he did - and why his decisions were better than they seemed at the time.

第六部中,斯内普的决定看起来都很糟糕,而到了《死亡圣器》,观众就会发现斯内普的表现和所做决定是多么的正确

 

Making The Unbreakable Vow

立下牢不可破的誓言

 

Before the school year even begins, Snape is seen making the Unbreakable Vow with Narcissa Malfoy, swearing on his life to help Draco in the mission Voldemort has given him. Early on, this seems like a bad choice, or at least, one that points to Snape truly being a Death Eater.

在新学年开始之前,斯内普就和纳西莎·马尔福立下了牢不可破的誓言,发誓要帮助德拉科完成伏地魔交给他的任务。在一开始,这似乎是一个糟糕的选择,表明斯内普真的是一个食死徒。

 

However, this is a phenomenal choice, on several levels. For one thing, this allows Snape to cement his position within the Death Eaters. Neither Bellatrix nor Narcissa are likely to think Snape is anything but loyal after making this promise. However, at the same time, Snape is simply following Dumbledore's orders. He already knows that Draco has been sent to kill the Headmaster, and that he will be the one to actually do it - which means that this promise allows him to potentially gain more access to Draco's plans, and keep everyone happy, while still doing what he intended all along.

然而,从多个层面来看,这是一个富有远见做法。一方面,这可以让斯内普巩固他在食死徒中的地位,立下誓言后,贝拉特里克斯和纳西莎都会完全的信任他。与此同时,斯内普也能够执行邓布利多的命令。因为斯内普已经知道,杀死邓布利多是邓布利多本人计划的一部分。并且对于他自己来说,他也能够借此来更加深入的了解德拉科的计划。所以,综合来看,这个决定既让每个人都满意,同时还达到了自己的目的。

 

Dealing With Draco At Slughorn's Party

在斯拉格霍恩的派对上德拉科做对

When Draco is caught sneaking around on the night of Slughorn's party, Horace himself is willing to just let it go - but Snape ends up taking Draco out of the party. This seems like a fairly straightforward decision, on the surface. Draco is breaking the rules, and he is a Slytherin student, so it is simply in character for Snape to take him away from the party.

在斯拉格霍恩举办派对的那天晚上,德拉科在派对上被发现违规,斯拉格霍恩本不想追究这件事——但斯内普最终把德拉科带出了派对。从表面上看,这似乎是一个相当正常的决定。德拉科违反了规定,他是斯莱特林的学生,斯内普把他从聚会上带走只是履行了他的职责

 

However, there's more going on here than just a simple transgression. Snape knows that Draco isn't concerned with the party, and wants to find out what is going on. This is a good move to get into Draco's confidence, and to get information from him - which he could then pass on to Dumbledore. It doesn't work, of course, as Draco is determined to succeed alone, but it was still a solid choice by Snape.

然而,这不仅仅是一个简单的处罚。斯内普知道德拉科晚会心不在焉,他想知道发生了什么事。而违规是一个把德拉科带出派对的很好的说辞这样就可以从德拉科那里得到一些信息——然后把打探到的情报告诉邓布利多。当然,这个计划最终没有成功,因为德拉科决心独自行动,但斯内普的选择仍然是不错的。

 

Healing Draco After Sectumsempra

德拉科被施神锋无影救了他

 

One of Harry's worst decisions over the course of this year is the choice to use an unfamiliar curse handwritten in an old book on Draco. He had no idea what the curse did and quickly found out that it slashed him open severely, creating multiple wounds on the boy. Snape, of course, knew the curse well and stepped in to heal Draco.

哈利在这个学年所做的最糟糕的决定之一,就是选择对德拉科使用一本旧书中的一个手写的,完全陌生的咒语。他原来不知道神锋无影咒的作用,但他很快就发现德拉科撕得体无完肤,在身上造成了数道伤痕。斯内普当然很了解这个咒语,他及时赶到,最终救了德拉科。

 

Of all the choices that Snape makes over the course of the series, this is possibly the most obviously good one. It's uncomplicated, he simply sees a student who has been badly injured and heals him. Odious as Draco can be, he is still a child and did not deserve to be cut to ribbons by Harry. Of course, given Madame Pomfrey's other healing skills, she would have presumably been able to handle this just as well, but Snape's quick stepping-in is still commendable.

在斯内普做出的所有选择中,这可能是最好理解的一个他只是挽救了一个受了重伤的学生。尽管德拉科令人讨厌,但他也只是个孩子,不应该被哈利打得粉身碎骨。当然,考虑到庞弗雷夫人医术之高明,她应该也能很好地处理这件事,但斯内普的行为仍然值得称赞。

 

Killing Dumbledore

2 杀死邓布利多

 

This may seem like a terrible choice - Dumbledore is a beloved old wizard, a father figure to Harry, and a defenseless old man in this moment, and yet Snape kills him. To Harry, and to the audience, it is clear that Dumbledore is pleading with Snape - and presumably, to spare him - so Snape's use of the Killing Curse is shocking.

这似乎是一个糟糕至极的选择——邓布利多是一个受人爱戴的老巫师,是哈利的第二个父亲。但在当时,他只是一个手无寸铁的老人,而斯内普却杀了他。哈利和观众的角度当时邓布利多的行为显然是在恳求斯内普——也许是为了饶他一命——所以斯内普对邓布利多使用杀戮咒就更加令人震惊。

 

However, by the end of the series, it's clear that this was an excellent choice. Snape was not only able to prove himself to the Death Eaters, keep them safe, and work behind the scenes to try and keep Harry safe (give him back the Sword of Gryffindor), but he was able to fulfill Dumbledore's wishes. His choice to kill Dumbledore meant that Draco didn't have to - and the child who was tasked with murder was spared the need to follow through. Draco, eventually, becomes somewhat redeemed, and this could not have happened if Snape had chosen differently in this moment.

然而,在故事的最后,我们发现这是一个极好的选择。斯内普不仅向食死徒证明了自己的忠诚并且从侧面保护哈利的安全(把格兰芬多宝剑还给了他),还实现了邓布利多的愿望他杀死邓布利多,也就意味着德拉科——个被赋予谋杀任务的孩子也就不必这么做了。最终,德拉科完成了救赎,如果斯内普在此时不这么做一切就会发生改变

 

Protecting Harry From The Death Eaters

保护哈利不受食死徒伤害

 

This scene is a much larger part of the books than the movies, as is most of the Battle of the Astronomy Tower, when more of the Death Eaters enter the school. However, in the Battle, Harry races after Snape, determined to kill him in revenge - but Snape prevents the Death Eaters from killing Harry. He claims that this is because Voldemort wants Harry to himself, which is enough to convince the Death Eaters.

这个情节上,书中的描绘要比电影中细致得多,比如在霍格沃茨之战中越来越多的食死徒攻进了学校。战斗中,哈利追上了斯内普,决心杀了他报仇——但斯内普阻止了食死徒杀死哈利。他说这是因为伏地魔想亲手杀死哈利,这个借口足以食死徒们相信

 

However, fans know that this is actually because Snape is, to the end, protecting Harry out of love for his mother. And of course, the importance of this decision cannot be overstated. If Snape had not protected Harry, and he had died here, Voldemort may have won - and the Wizarding World would never be the same.

然而,哈迷知道,斯内普这样做实际上是因为莉莉的爱。当然,这也无法掩盖这个决定的重要性——如果斯内普没有保护哈利,那么在战斗中必死无疑这样伏地魔就会赢得胜利——魔法世界就会发生天翻地覆的变化

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