Why Harry Potter Didn’t Resurrect Dumbledore In Deathly Hallows 《哈利·波特与死亡圣器》为何不让邓布利多复活

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Why Harry Potter Didn’t Resurrect Dumbledore In Deathly Hallows

《哈利·波特与死亡圣器》为何不让邓布利多复活

 

Harry Potter uses the resurrection stone to bring back four of his loved ones from the dead, but why didn't he also resurrect Dumbledore?

哈利·波特用复活石让他所爱的四个人起死回生,为什么他没有让邓布利多也起死回生呢?

 

Harry Potter brought back four of his loved ones with the resurrection stone in Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, but surprisingly didn’t revive the newly-deceased Dumbledore, and here’s why. After Dumbledore died at the end of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, he gifted Harry two items in his will: The sword of Godric Gryffindor and the golden snitch from the first Harry Potter film. While he wasn’t able to receive the sword, he was given the snitch with a coded inscription that said “I open at the close.” Harry later realized this was meant to be used before he sacrificed himself to Voldemort, with the golden snitch enclosing the resurrection stone that would revive his loved ones from the dead to help guide him into death.

在《哈利·波特与死亡圣器》中,哈利·波特用复活石复活了4个亲人,但令人惊讶的是,邓布利多却没有复活。在《哈利·波特与混血王子》的结尾,邓布利多去世后,他在遗嘱中给了哈利两件东西:戈德里克·格兰芬多的宝剑和哈利·波特第一部电影中的金飞贼。虽然没能拿到宝剑,但他得到了写着“我从结尾打开”的密文飞贼。哈利后来意识到,这是为了在他把自己献给伏地魔之前,用金色飞贼包裹复活石,让他所爱的人起死回生,从而引导他走向死亡。

 

When Harry finally used the resurrection stone in the woods, he brought back to life his mom, dad, godfather Sirius, and mentor/family friend Lupin. As Harry prepared to die at the hands of Voldemort for the greater good, his deceased loved ones eased his fears about death and comforted him until the moment Tom Riddle used the Avada Kedavra curse on him. Considering Dumbledore was one of the most important figures in Harry’s growth at Hogwarts, it surprised many that Harry Potter's protagonist didn’t also resurrect the influential headmaster who had just recently died.

当哈利最终在树林中使用复活石时,他让他的妈妈、爸爸、教父小天狼星和导师兼家庭朋友卢平复活了。当哈利为了更伟大的利益准备死在伏地魔手中时,他死去的亲人减轻了他对死亡的恐惧,安慰他,直到汤姆·里德尔对他施了阿瓦达索命咒。考虑到邓布利多是哈利在霍格沃茨成长过程中最重要的人物之一,让许多人感到惊讶的是,《哈利·波特》的主人公没有让刚去世的颇具影响力的校长复活。

 

Dumbledore was a constant presence in Harry’s life, but, by the end of Deathly Hallows, Harry chose to bring back the four people he had the closest connection to who would soothingly bring him into his own death – his mother, father, godfather, and mentor figure. Harry’s close relationship with Dumbledore reflected a teacher-student dynamic in which the wise wizard guided Harry with his magic and inevitable path in destroying Voldemort. Dumbledore was important to Harry’s growth, but there wasn’t real love between them in their relationship, unlike Lily and James Potter, Sirius, and Lupin. These four figures were the only family he truly knew, so he wanted them to comfort him into death. Dumbledore wouldn’t have granted this same unconditional love to conclude his life; he was simply looking out for the greater good and fulfillment of the prophecy in his relationship with Harry.

邓布利多一直存在于哈利的生活中,但是,在《死亡圣器》结束时,哈利选择把他最亲密的四个人带回来,他们会安慰他的死亡——他的母亲、父亲、教父和导师。哈利与邓布利多的亲密关系反映了一种师生关系,在这种关系中,这位聪明的巫师用他的魔法和不可避免的道路引导哈利消灭伏地魔。邓布利多对哈利的成长很重要,但与莉莉和詹姆·波特、小天狼星和卢平不同,他们之间并没有真正的爱。这四个数字是他唯一真正了解的家庭,所以他想让他们安慰他直至死亡。邓布利多不会让这种无条件的爱来结束他的生命;他只是在寻找更大的好处,实现他和哈利之间的预言。

 

Harry had also just seen the memories of Severus Snape in the Pensieve right before he went into the woods with the resurrection stone in Deathly Hallows. These memories showed Harry that Dumbledore hadn’t truly cared about the wellbeing of Harry as a human being - much less a child - and was “raising him like a pig for slaughter.”While Dumbledore would still be a wise figure to Harry in teaching him the importance of sacrifice for the greater good, the Hogwarts headmaster was not a comforting character with unconditional love that Harry would want at his side as he died.

哈利在《死亡圣器》里拿着复活石走进树林之前,也在冥想盆里看到了西弗勒斯·斯内普的记忆。这些记忆告诉哈利,邓布利多从来没有真正关心过哈利作为一个人的幸福——更不用说作为一个孩子了——他把他养得像一头待宰的猪。虽然邓布利多仍然是一个明智的人物,教哈利为更大的利益而牺牲的重要性,但霍格沃茨的校长并不是一个有无条件的爱的安慰人的角色,哈利不希望他死时身边有他。

 

Rather, as an insightful adviser, Harry had Dumbledore waiting for him in Limbo where he could choose to live or die after being “killed” by Voldemort. Meeting him in King’s Cross Station, Harry needed the advice of Michael Gambon's Dumbledore (whether in his head or not) to objectively convince him why he should live. Dumbledore rarely acted on emotion and made decisions based on logic and benefit to the greater good, so he was the figure that needed to help Harry decide whether to keep living and destroy Voldemort, or move on to death and be with his family. He wanted Dumbledore’s wisdom as he decided his next move in life or death, but needed his loved ones and family as he prepared to sacrifice himself in Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows.

相反,作为一个 富有洞察力的建议者,哈利让邓布利多在地狱边缘等着他,在那里他可以选择被伏地魔杀死后是活是死。在国王十字车站见到他时,哈利需要迈克尔·刚本扮演的邓布利多的建议(不管是不是在他脑子里)来客观地说服他为什么应该活下去。邓布利多很少根据感情行事,他的决定是基于逻辑,是为了更大的利益,所以他是需要帮助哈利决定是继续活着,摧毁伏地魔,还是继续死亡,与家人在一起的人。在决定生死时,他需要邓布利多的智慧,但在《哈利波特与死亡圣器》中准备牺牲自己时,他需要亲人和家人。

 

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